Demetrios Constantinos Dounis
Demetrius Constantine Dounis (Δημήτριος Κωνσταντίνος Δούνης) (born. 1886(?) or 1894(?) - August 13, 1954) was an influential teacher of violin and string instrument technique, as well as violinist, violist, and mandolin player.
Considerable uncertainty prevails on the subject of Dounis's early life, beginning with the date of his birth in Athens, variously given as 1886 (according to most library catalogues), 1893, or 1894. He is said to have performed his first violin recital at the age of 7, and to have toured the United States as a mandolinist at 14. He studied under Franz Ondriček in Vienna, where he also took a medical degree, specializing in neurology and psychiatry. After World War I, when he served as a doctor in the Greek army, he was appointed to the chair in violin at the State Conservatory of Thessaloniki, but soon established himself in the United States.
Dounis focused his early medical career on treating professional musicians from the world's major symphonies. He would work with a musician for at least six months, observing the musician's technique, asking questions, and devising new exercises to indirectly address the problem. Dounis also wrote several instructional books. In his 1921 volume The Artist’s Technique of Violin Playing op. 12, Dounis emphasized the importance of shifting and finger exercises. These were to develop the musician's mental map at the beginning of practice, after which scale drills would be more effective.
Dounis's first name is variously spelled in the Roman alphabet as Demetrios or Demetrius. Valborg Leland, head of the violin department at Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri wrote an interesting book on Dounis's principles called: The Dounis principles of Violin Playing (The Strad publications).
References and further reading
- Constantakos, Chris A. (1997). Demetrios Constantine Dounis : his method in teaching the violin. American University Studies 14: Education, vol. 13 (second revised ed.). New York: Lang. ISBN 978-0-8204-3895-5.
- Eaton, Sybil (October 1954). 'Dr. D.C. Dounis, a great violin teacher'. Musical Times: 559.
- Wrochem, Claudius von (2001). 'Dounis, Demetrios Constantine'. Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Personenteil 5. Kassel: Bärenreiter. pp. 1345–46.
- Wasson, George Dwayne and John M. Geringer (January 2006). "Elevators and escalators: the study of an innovative approach to teaching fingerboard geography to heterogeneous string classes". Theses and Dissertations from The University of Texas at Austin: 10–12. http://hdl.handle.net/2152/561. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
- Leland, Valborg: The Dounis principles of Violin Playing (The Strad publications)
- The Dounis Collection: Eleven books of studies for the violin: Opp. 12, 15 (two books), 16 (two books), 18, 20, 21, 27, 27, 29, 30, by Demetrios Constantinos Dounis. (Carl Fischer)
Born: April 24, 1905 - Budapest, Hungary
Died: June 1, 1979 - Budapest, Hungary
The Hungarian violinist, conductor and educator, Frigyes Sándor (the younger brother of pianist Renée Sándor; husband of cellist Vera Dénes), studied at the Musical College in Budapest by Gyula Mambriny and Imre Waldbauer. From 1926 he was concert master, from 1936 assistant conductor in the Budapest Choral and Orchestra Association. Gradually, he had to abandon instrument playing because of problems with his arm.
In the mid-1930's Frigyes Sándor (`Frigyes´ means `Fritz´) was already an acclaimed conductor, directing numerous orchestras, such as the Hungarian Women Chamber Orchestra. His main goal was performing works of the baroque era, Haydn and Mozart, and contemporary Hungarian music. He was the first to perform Béla Bartók's Divertimento in Hungary, a composition written in the summer of 1939.
After World War II, Frigyes Sándor taught violin playing and chamber music at the Capitol Musical College and at the National Conservatorium. In 1949, together with Pál Járdányi, Albert Rényi, and Endre Szervánszky (`Endre´ means `Henry´ in the English language), they published a well known 5-volume Violin Tutor. This was the first time that playing in the pentatone scale, based on Zoltán Kodály's works and Hungarian folk songs, was put forward for elementary education. Still in this year, he was appointed director of the newly established Bartók Béla Musical School.
During this period, Frigyes Sándor was also active as a conductor: he performed often with the school's choir and orchestra. Between 1958 and 1975 he taught chamber music at the Budapest Musical College. In 1963 he founded the Liszt Ferenc Chamber Orchestra of his students. He remained artistic director of the orchestra right until his death.
His publications: Violin Studies (Kayser); Mihály Hajdu: 8 Studies for Youth String Orchestras (together with Ottó Till); Dances and Trio Sonatas from the XVII. Century (together with Olivér Nagy); János Decsényi: 15 Studies for Youth String Orchestras (together with Ottó Till); István Szelényi: 8 Small Duettes and Sonatina for 2 Violins; Tartini: 3 Sonatas for Violin and Piano; Musical Education in Hungary (editor, Budapest 1964).
Jean-Delphin Alard (May 8, 1815 – February 22, 1888) was a French violinist.
Alard was born in Bayonne, the son of an amateur violinist. From 1827 he was a pupil of F. A. Habeneck at the Paris Conservatoire, where he succeeded Pierre Baillot as professor in 1843, retaining the post till 1875. He was also a pupil of François-Joseph Fétis and succeeded Baillot as first violinist to the King in 1840. His playing was full of fire and point, and his compositions had a great success in France, while his violin school had a wider vogue and considerably greater value. He was a representative of the modern French school of violin playing, composed nocturnes, duets, études, etc., for the violin, and was the author of an Ecole du violon, which was adopted by the Conservatoire. Pablo de Sarasate was amongst his students. Mention should also be made of his edition in 40 parts of a selection of violin compositions by the most eminent masters of the 18th century, Les Maitres classiques du violon (Schott). Alard died in Paris. Jean-Delphin Alard was the son-in-law of Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume.
Natalia Baklanova (1902-1980) was een Russsische violiste en viooldocente. Ze schreef verschillende werken waaronder het boekje Acht leichte Stücke met daarin opgenomen het bekende Concertino. Voorts schreef ze etudes en een belangrijk werk: Intonationsetüden voor viool met pianobegeleiding.
Emmanuele Barbella, (Napels 1704 - aldaar, 1737) was een Italiaans violist en componist. Barbella schreef veel vioolsonates. Eveneens schreef hij een duo dat oorspronkelijk voor 2 mandolines is geschreven maar dat is bewerkt voor twee violen. Zie hiervoor de pagina 'Free Downloads Bladmuziek viool I')
Leopold Joseph Beer
Leopold Joseph Beer (Klement, Oostenrijk, 1 september 1885 - Baden, nabij Wenen, 9 mei 1956)
Werken voor strijkers
concertino voor viool/altviool op. 47 in e
concertino voor viool/altviool op. 81 in d (1e t/m 3e positie)
concertino voor viool op. 30
Howard Blake is one of the most popular and prolific living English composers. Successes include scores which he wrote for films such as 'The Duellists' and 'A Month in the Country', both of which won prizes.
In 1982 he wrote words and music for the animated Channel 4 TV film and Sony CD 'The Snowman', with its song 'Walking in the Air', so much loved by children all over the world. Its concert version continues to receive many performances worldwide, and the stage version runs every year at Sadlers Wells' Peacock Theatre in London.
Howard Blake has written many concert works including his piano concerto for Princess Diana commissioned by the Philharmonia. The oratorio 'Benedictus', which he conceived whilst staying with the monks at Worth Abbey, was recorded by Sir David Willcocks, Robert Tear, the Bach Choir and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
In 1994 Howard Blake received the O.B.E. for services to music and is Fellow and Visiting Professor of Composition at The Royal Academy of Music.
Carl Bohm (also known as Charles Bohm, Henry Cooper [Pseudonym] and Karl Böhm), (11 September 1844 – 4 April 1920) was a German pianist and composer.
Bohm is regarded as one of the leading German songwriters of the 19th century, and wrote such works as Still as the Night, Twilight, May Bells, Enfant Cheri and The Fountain.
The Oxford Companion to Music says that Bohm was "a German composer of great fecundity and the highest salability... He occupied an important position in the musical commonwealth in as much as his publisher, Simrock, declared that the profits on his compositions provided the capital for the publication of those of Brahms." Bohm's specialty was music in a lighter vein, very different from the dark, brooding and introspective works of Brahms.
Bohm, like Schubert, was more than just a songwriter, composing in most genres. His chamber music, mostly quartets and piano trios, were extremely popular not only amongst amateurs but also among touring professional groups who were always in need of a sure-fire audience pleaser.
Edition Silvertrust states that Bohm "was certainly very well-known during his life time. Yet today, his name brings nothing but blank stares." This curious obscurity is borne out more than ever by the fact that Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians contains no article about him.
Selected works for strings
- Salon-Kompositionen (op. 327)
- Hausmusik; 2 violen en paino
- Klaviertrio G-dur. (Forelle; op. 330 Nr.2)
- Perpetuo Mobile (Kleine Suite 6)
- Perpetuo mobile op. 380, nr. 6
- Pereptuo Mobile (from Suite 3, nr. 6)
- Suite: Introduction alla marcia-Intermezzo-Notturno-Capriccio
- Skandinavische Romanze ('Arabesken' nr. 5)
- Introduction and Polonaise ('Arabesken' nr. 12)
- Vorspiel-Stücke: Theme Varié op. 348, nr. 1
- Le Bal; Album de danses: Polonaise-Valse-Rheinländer-Polka Mazurkas-Polka-Galop
- Italian Romance
- Wiegenlied op. 380, no. 5
- Cavatina, op. 314, nr. 2
- Gavotte op. 314, nr. 3
- Petite Rhapsodie Hongroise (uit 'Noveletten')
- Arioso (Bunte Reihe no. 1)
- Deuxieme Gavotte op. 314, nr. 8
- Derde suite: Präludium-Largo ma non troppo-Intermezzo-Scherzo-Sarabande-Moto Perpetuo
- Air Gavotte (Mélodie gracieuse) (uit: 'Concert au salon')
- La Mouche
- Canzonetta in G
- Cavatina op. 314, no. 2
- Slumber song op. 187, nr. 5
- Canzonetta op. 314, nr. 23
- Italienische Weise (uit 'Albumleaves')
- Boléro ('Albumleaves' no. 9)
- Alla Marcia ('Amusements' nr. 1)
- Moment Musical (uit 'Amusements')
- Tremolo ('Amusements' nr. 12)
- From Many Lands, book 1: Adagio Rligioso-Roccoco-Slavonian dance-spagnola-Scene de Ballet-At the spinning wheel
- From Many Lands, book 2: Estella-At evening-Gipsy melody-Northern legend-Kujawiak-Moto perpetuo
- La Zingana:'Danse Hongroise' op. 102
- La Zingana:'Dance Hongroise' op. 102 (arrangement van Gustav Saenger voor 4 violen en piano)
- Italian Romance
- Gigue, op. 378, nr. 7
- Spanish Serenade op. 378, nr. 8
- Ballet scene, op. 378, nr. 9
- Walzer Etude op. 378, nr. 10
- Italian Song op. 378, nr. 11
- Mazurka op 378, no. 12
- Sérenade Italienne op. 390
- Slumber song op. 187, nr. 5
- Spanischer Tanz (uit 'Tonskizzen')
- The Fountain (op. 221) (G major)
- Concertino op. 370
- Entry for Carl Bohm in the catalogue of Deutsches Musikarchiv
- Free scores by Carl Bohm in the International Music Score Library Project
- Carl Bohm Piano Trio, Op.330 No.2 Soundbites & information.
- Some of Bohm's violin pieces are available at Free violin music
Willem ten Have
Willem ten Have was born in Amsterdam on the 12th of august 1831.
He studied with Charles de Beriot in Brussels. Later he bought two violins from De Beriot, including the famous 'De Beriot' Guarneri del Jesu 1744, which is currently being owned by Ruggiero Ricci.
The name Willem ten Have has not been forgotten because of one piece he wrote: It is the 'Allegro Brilliant' for violin and piano. Violinists all over the world like to play this piece. Part of the "Bosworth School Orchestra Series", this fast and exhilerating piece has been arranged for amateur string orchestra. Perfect for school string orchestras and amateur groups and the perfect opportunity for young players to gain confidence in ensemble playing.
Pieces Willen ten Have wrote for violin and piano which are for sale:
*Bolero op. 11
*Capriccio op. 24
*Reverie op. 27
Felix Borowski (March 10, 1872 – September 6, 1956) was a British/American composer and teacher.
Borowski was of Polish descent but was born in the English village of Burton-in-Kendal, Westmorland. His father came from a distinguished Polish family, who was quite a musician. His mother was English and very accomplished in music. His father gave him his first instruction on the piano as well as on the violin. He was educated in London and at the Cologne Conservatory. He then taught for a while the piano and the violin in Aberdeen, Scotland. At this time Mr. Borowski had begun to publish smaller compositions for piano and violin. Somewhat later his compositions won strong commendation from composers such as Edvard Grieg, Theodor Leschetizky, Sauer and other renowned masters. In 1896 Borowski moved to the USA to become Director of the Chicago Musical College. His connection with this musical college continued until 1925 when he resigned to devote himself to private teaching and to composition. During his working life in the U.S.A. he was a composer, teacher and newspaper critic in Chicago. He was the programme annotator for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) from 1908-1956. The CSO holds a collection of his original compositions as well as arrangements by him of the works of others. In 1917, he was elected as an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia music fraternity.
One of his compositions for piano and violin ('Adoration') was recorded on Edison Blue Amberol in 1914 (#2475) by Richard Czerwonky (1886-1949), also an American musician of Polish descent, being an outstanding violin-player and orchestra conductor at his time. Borowski wrote two large-scale and romantic Sonatas for the organ (1904 and 1906).
He is also known as teacher of the Mexican composer Silvestre Revueltas at Chicago Musical College during a period between 1918-22.
Works for violin and piano
*Chanson de Berceau